What is scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a problem with the curve in the spine. Many people have some curve in their spine. But a few people have spines that make a large curve from side to side in the shape of the letter "S" or the letter "C." If this curve is severe, it can cause pain and make breathing difficult.
The good news is that most cases of scoliosis are mild, and the curves don't increase a lot over time.
What causes scoliosis?
In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is not known. Scoliosis usually starts in the preteen years. Scoliosis that is severe enough to need treatment is most common in girls.
What are the symptoms?
Scoliosis most often causes no symptoms until the spinal curve becomes large. You might notice these early signs:
- Your child has one shoulder or hip that looks higher than the other.
- Your child's head does not look centered over the body.
- Your child has one shoulder blade that sticks out more than the other.
- Your child's waistline is flat on one side, or the ribs look higher on one side when your child bends forward at the waist.
How is scoliosis diagnosed?
The doctor will check to see if your child's back or ribs are even. If the doctor finds that one side is higher than the other, your child may need an X-ray so the spinal curve can be measured.
A curve in the spine may get worse as your child grows. Many experts believe screening your child for scoliosis is important so that any curve in the spine can be found early and watched closely.
How is it treated?
Mild cases of scoliosis usually do not need treatment. The doctor will check the curve of your child's spine every 4 to 6 months. If the curve gets worse, your child may need to wear a brace until he or she has finished growing. In severe cases, or if bracing doesn't help, your child may need to have surgery.
Scoliosis and its treatment can be a severe strain on your child. Wearing a brace can feel and look odd. It also limits your child's activity. Your child needs your support and understanding to get through treatments successfully.
What increases the risk of scoliosis?
Your child may be more likely to have scoliosis if someone in your family has had it and if your child is a girl. Your child's chances of scoliosis increase if:
- One of the bones in your child's spine has moved forward out of place compared to the rest of the spine.
- Your child's arms or legs are missing or are abnormally short.
- Your child has a disorder that affects the nerves, muscles, or bones.